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The company was established on July 1, 2008, is a state-owned sole proprietorship company approved by the Shuangliu County Committee and approved by the county government to be established by the Shuangliu County State-owned Assets Supervision and Adminis
The company was established on July 1, 2008, is a state-owned sole proprietorship company approved by the Shuangliu County Committee and approved by the county government to be established by the Shuangliu County State-owned Assets Supervision and Adminis
The company was established on July 1, 2008, is a state-owned sole proprietorship company approved by the Shuangliu County Committee and approved by the county government to be established by the Shuangliu County State-owned Assets Supervision and Adminis
The company was established on July 1, 2008, is a state-owned sole proprietorship company approved by the Shuangliu County Committee and approved by the county government to be established by the Shuangliu County State-owned Assets Supervision and Adminis
The company was established on July 1, 2008, is a state-owned sole proprietorship company approved by the Shuangliu County Committee and approved by the county government to be established by the Shuangliu County State-owned Assets Supervision and Adminis
The company was established on July 1, 2008, is a state-owned sole proprietorship company approved by the Shuangliu County Committee and approved by the county government to be established by the Shuangliu County State-owned Assets Supervision and Adminis
The company was established on July 1, 2008, is a state-owned sole proprietorship company approved by the Shuangliu County Committee and approved by the county government to be established by the Shuangliu County State-owned Assets Supervision and Adminis
The company was established on July 1, 2008, is a state-owned sole proprietorship company approved by the Shuangliu County Committee and approved by the county government to be established by the Shuangliu County State-owned Assets Supervision and Adminis
The company was established on July 1, 2008, is a state-owned sole proprietorship company approved by the Shuangliu County Committee and approved by the county government to be established by the Shuangliu County State-owned Assets Supervision and Adminis

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说文解字

Author:
陈圆媛
Source:
人才公司
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Review:
[Abstract]:
公元前213年,秦始皇推行愚民政策,焚书坑儒,《史记·秦始皇本纪》载:“天下初定,远方黔首未集,诸生皆诵法孔子,今上皆重法绳之,臣恐天下不安,唯上察之。”此后,诗书毁,学士散,六艺缺。及至西汉,儒学兴,经典多依经师口授相传,儒生书写记录,所用隶书,后发展为今文经学一派。汉武帝末年,鲁恭王拆孔子旧宅,于墙壁夹层中发现包括《尚书》在内大量古书,所用文字六国蝌蚪文,时人多不识,后刘歆发现古本《春秋左氏传

 

公元前213年,秦始皇推行愚民政策,焚书坑儒,《史记·秦始皇本纪》载:“天下初定,远方黔首未集,诸生皆诵法孔子,今上皆重法绳之,臣恐天下不安,唯上察之。”此后,诗书毁,学士散,六艺缺。及至西汉,儒学兴,经典多依经师口授相传,儒生书写记录,所用隶书,后发展为今文经学一派。汉武帝末年,鲁恭王拆孔子旧宅,于墙壁夹层中发现包括《尚书》在内大量古书,所用文字六国蝌蚪文,时人多不识,后刘歆发现古本《春秋左氏传》,并为古文经争取合法地位,古文经学一派由此兴起。

 

到东汉时,古文经学崛起,与今文经学两相对抗,涌现了郑玄、马融、许慎等一批大师级经学家。许慎,字叔重,官至太尉南阁祭酒,博闻强识,《仓颉》《急救》无不涉猎,世人赞语“五经无双许叔重”,集毕生心血,著《说文解字》。

 

“文者,物象之本;字者,言孳乳而寖多”,独体为文,合体为字,文可说而字可解。《说文解字》集9353字,古文、籀文等异体重文1163字,创立部首540个,又“据形系联”归540部为14大类,为中国历史上第一部按部首编排的字典。此外,《说文解字》阐发了汉字象形、指事、会意、形声、转注、假借“六书”造字法,奠定了汉字理论体系基础。

 

《说文》一出,研究者甚众,清代学者集大成,产生了段玉裁、桂馥、王筠和朱骏声“说文四大家”。当代学者亦颇有建树,成都著名诗人、学者流沙河先生就以《说文解字》研究为主题出版了《字看我一生》《解字一百》《白鱼解字》等一系列古文字普及书籍。

 

到了今天,仍有许多古文字爱好者活跃于网络和线下社群,对于汉字的本义和溯源,依然能够引发大众的兴味。以四川省简称“蜀”为例,《说文解字》注:葵中蚕也。从虫,上目象蜀头形,中象其身蜎蜎。《诗》曰:“蜎蜎者蜀”。“蜀”的本义是“蚕”,有一种观点是,古蜀国以“蜀”为名,代表着这一地区养蚕、丝织业发达,成都作为南方丝绸之路的起点,也正好说明了这一点。

 

子曰:“小子何莫学夫诗?诗可以兴,可以观,可以群,可以怨。迩之事父,远之事君,多识于鸟兽草木之名。” 孔子在劝导学生学习《诗经》时曾有此言,学习《诗经》可以“兴观群怨”,近可以学到如何侍奉父母 ,远可以学到如何侍奉君王,其余绪也可以多了解草木鸟兽的名字。同理,像《说文解字》这类的字书,除了学术研究价值,也有了解汉字,普及传统文化的巨大价值。

 

             人才公司 陈圆媛

                               2018年7月12日

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